More poor people live in the nation's suburbs than in urban cities because of affordable housing, service-sector jobs and the increased use of housing vouchers, according to a study released Monday.
So if you raise real estate prices in urban areas and lower them in suburban areas under the guise of affordable housing you get "gentrification".
Wikipedia defines gentrification as:
A dynamic that emerges in poor urban areas when residential shifts, urban planning, and other phenomena affect the composition of a neighborhood. Urban gentrification often involves population migration as poor residents of a neighborhood are displaced. In a community undergoing gentrification, the average income increases and average family size decreases. This generally results in the displacement of the poorer, pre-gentrification residents, who are unable to pay increased rents, and property taxes, or afford real estate. Often old industrial buildings are converted to residences and shops. New businesses, which can afford increased commercial rent, cater to a more affluent base of consumers—further increasing the appeal to higher income migrants and decreasing the accessibility to the poor. Often, resident owners unable to pay the taxes are forced to sell their residences and move to a cheaper community.
Believe me, gentrification is not a spur of the moment idea. Someone doesn't just wake up in the morning and say we're going to gentrify Crown Heights. There has to be a plan in place somewhere to make it happen. Who's plan is it? Who decides what community is going to be targeted? Who initiates the gentrification process?